Types of hinges
We can say, the human body is composed of hinges in the form of joints of the body!
The hinge is an external joint that holds two elements or facades together, allowing a limited rotation movement. In Interior Design, when they are combining to a typical hinge, the objects rotate relative to each other on a fixed axis.
However, practically through most of its applications, the hinges allow movement only in a plane around the central axis.
The hinges can form by various materials, whether flexible or form by moving components. They are available in different finishes to suit the purpose and color options, but the most common are antique copper, chrome, brass, and black.
The types of hinges are according to the use and where they will adjust. Let’s take a look at the different types of hinges mostly using by professional interior designers.
1. Butterfly hinges
With the shape of a butterfly and with a finish, the butterfly hinges are an interesting design piece. It is best used in cases where the hinge can be visible in boxes, furniture cabinets in general.
The design appears near the extended wings of a butterfly from the central pin. Available in different textures and finishes to provide adequate color options, they contribute to the overall appearance of the hardware.
2. Butt hinges
Whether for doors, windows, cabinets or almost any furniture, this is the most common type of hinge using by the top interior designers.
These are also called the mortise hinge. Usually, three or four of them are mortising in the door and its frame. Best interior design companies in bangalore are using butt hinges most for the commercial and residential.
The hinges for use in interior doors are mainly steel. Brass or stainless steel hinges are therefore more suitable for interior design projects.
3. piano hinges
No wonder they get their name from the hinges that allow someone to live on top of a piano. Since they usually cover the entire length of the flat edge of the piano,it’s another name is continuous hinge.
In modern times, bangalore interior designers are using hinges to cover the length of two objects.
Its applications range from the toolbox to folding partitions, through the shower doors, apart from the obvious construction of the piano.
4. Flush hinges
These are smaller hinges that take up less space than the butt hinges because they allow one sheet to integrate with the other.
The use of flush hinges has some advantages given by the interior designers in bangalore: they do not need to cut the angle of the door on which they are going to install and leave no space between the frame and the door, giving a very clear and consistent appearance.
However, as they are quite light, unlike robust hinges, they tend to be less durable and are not using for very heavy furniture. The interior designers in bangalore are using this for cupboards, cabinets, and doors.
5. Barrel Hinge
With a barrel-like appearance, this hinge is easy to install since the joint is simply a hole that is drilled in the work piece. It consists of components such as a barrel that is a hollow spherical barrel-shape section attach to a pivot for movement. So, mostly, a barrel hinge consists of two parts.
These are generally using for doors and applications that have a low capacity in the radius. This type of hinge is easier to fix and we can disassemble this when necessary. The materials from which the hinges are manufacturing include coated steel, polish plated steel, chrome metals, brass, bronze, and aluminum. The location and the number required to vary according to the material and the size of the door.
6. Pivot hinges
These hinges are using for superimposing doors, where one part is mounting on the top and the other on the bottom of the door, resulting in a hidden hinge. These are available for both light use and heavy use.
The key advantage is that this hinge does not block the door to open in both directions and when going to mount on the ends, they allow a perfect view.
7. Spring hinge
They act as an option for door closing devices. To obtain adequate strength to close the door, we usually require two spring hinges. These hinges use the property of a spring that causes the door to return to the close position by itself. The spring hinges are of different types.
8. Door hinge
These hinges are ideal for light and heavy doors or places. Interior designers will know that these hinges are available in stainless steel, brass, bronze and other high-tech materials.
There is an L-shaped screw is placed on the post which is attach to the door. They are also available as automatic closing types.
The bi-fold hinges are two hinges of various lengths that are multi-leaf allowing the door or panel to open in both or in the same address.
Double-folded hinges have multiple pivot points that allow a tighter fit Swing with a greater degree of displacement.
Case hinges are quite similar to the butt hinge. For decorative nature mostly using for suitcases, briefcases and the like.
11. Concealed hinge
A concealed hinge is one that fits flush inside the door of a cabinet to mask the location of the hinges. The term hidden hinge is interchangeable with “European style” in reference to cabinet hinges.
The purpose of the concealed hinge is now used by the bangalore interior designers to provide a smooth surface to the exterior appearance of a kitchen cabinet.
The main advantage, beyond the purely aesthetic value of concealed hinges, is the ability to make small adjustments in a very simple way on cabinet doors once after a small adjustment with screws.
The removal of a cabinet door with concealed hinges is also a simplified process with a hidden hinge because it is not necessary to remove the door fittings. Most of the interior designers in bangalore are using 0crank, 8crank and 16crank concealed hinges for living rooms, kitchens, and for wardrobes.
There are three basic styles of hidden/concealed hinges uses by the bangalore interior designers: full overlay, half overlay and insert. The hidden hinge of full overlap is the most common type used in kitchen cabinets. It is easily recognizable by its straight arm design.
Concealed hinges are certainly using in a kitchen cabinet display cabinet that incorporates glass doors. There are advantages, such as improve safety and easier cleaning, which makes concealed hinges a valuable addition.
Another popular advantage of having hidden hinges in kitchen cabinets is that it alleviates the need for a visible frame while adding an automatic closing capability to the cabinet doors.
12. Wrap around Partially Concealed, Cabinet Hinges
A very strong hinge for doors that do not offer the safest fixings. The wrap around the hinge is using when there is not too much wood to fix like in a cabinet or in the door of a slim cabinet.
The envelope function ensures a fixation on the thin edge of the door and the frame, as well as a face fixation that allows 3 or more fixing points in a weak area.
13. Flag hinges
The hinges of the flag are named after their shape, with the side of the door that resembles a flag. They are applying with u PVC doors, located in the upper, lower and central parts.
The flag hinges incorporate some fine adjustments to ensure accurate alignment and different lengths of the flag can adapt to various styles of doors.
They are available with a variety of finishes for an optimal combination with the door or decoration.
Most of the flag hinges are adjustable for rebates between 12 mm and approximately 16 mm, although the Roto Doorline model covers 16.5-19 mm, and K4045 and K4145 models have options of 15-19 mm and 18-22 mm. Available finishes include white, brown and chrome.
14. Heavy-duty hinges
Heavy-duty hinges feature traditional J-bolt arms and a mounting plate. These hinges are using in high traffic doors and heavy doors. According to its mode of use, heavy duty hinges have a high opening/closing frequency of more than 25 times per day. Heavy-duty hinges differ according to their load capacity and construction material. This blog focuses on the various types of heavy-duty hinges that are using in various industries and places.
Different types of heavy duty hinges
Load and frequency are two factors that play a key role in defining the use of a heavy duty hinge. The most different types of hinges which are using by the best interior designer company in bangalore are following
Heavy-duty door hinges:-
These types of door hinges have an extreme load capacity. Generally, these hinges come with two blades and a central knuckle. The thickness of the blade varies from 3/8 to 3 “, while the maximum radial load bearing capacity between 4000 lbs and 25,000 lbs. These doors are using in the army and defense, nuclear shield doors, R & D laboratories.
Heavy-duty gate hinges:-
These hinges feature anti-sag and self-latching designs, which can be further locked with a padlock for added security. These door hinges can support doors that weigh 1,000 pounds. at 40,000 lbs. Generally, the heavy duty gate hinges are made of carbon steel or stainless steel, which are durable, anti-resistant and anti-corrosive. The thickness of the heavy duty gate blade varies from 1 “-3”, while the maximum radial load between 400 lbs. and 25,000 pounds. These hinges are using by the interior designers for the chemical industry, the refining industry, and the construction industry.
Heavy duty pivot hinges:-
These hinges are generally using to hold the top and bottom of any heavy door. These hinges allow opening and closing doors in both directions. Carbon steel, stainless steel is the variety of material used for the construction of pivot hinges. The heavy-duty pivot hinges are designing for doors weighing 1,000 pounds. and 40,000 lbs. Pivoting heavy-duty hinges find applications in industries such as the marine, oil, food processing industries, agriculture and many more.
Heavy-duty welding on the hinges:-
The heavy-duty welding on the hinges has an excellent load capacity, why they are using in applications such as machine doors, steel doors, electrical boxes. Carbon or stainless steel is the preferred choice for the material selection of these hinged welds. These hinges can support door weights between 800 pounds. to 2,000 lbs. These hinges are commonly used in armored vehicles, fire doors, prison doors, shipping containers, etc.
15. Hydraulic hinges
Through its patent concept, it makes the closing of the door constant and control. According to the interior designers in bangalore hydraulic hinges are the evolution and fusion of the automated-mechanical hinges and the conventional hydraulic door closer already existing in the market.
Hydraulic hinges are using in internal and external doors and as well as for shower cabins, this product is good for its functionality, versatility, safety, durability, and an excellent quality/price ratio. For luxury interior design the bangalore interior designers are preferring hydraulic hinges.
The small dimensions of the mechanisms give the products a clean and elegant design, with easy installation. The peculiarities of the hydraulic concept are the highest efficiency, together with high technical quality and safety in the turn. Great attention is also paid to aesthetics, in accordance with current architectural trends that require a cleaner glass appearance.
The sizes of the hinges vary with respect to the types, as professional interior designer know. The necessary data to select the types of the hinge are the thickness of the door/panel, the weight of the components and the space available.
But there is a trick called the Engineer’s Trick to simplify things and it is to go with the hinge to the door ratio. This factor helps us to choose the correct option.